Event, people Duration
Noah's son Shem fathers Arphaxad after the Flood 2 Genesis 11:10
Arphaxad's son Shelah was born 35 Genesis 11:12
Shelah's son Eber was born 30 Genesis 11:14
Eber's son Peleg was born 34 Genesis 11:16
Peleg's son Reu was born 30 Genesis 11:18
Reu's son Serug was born 32 Genesis 11:20
Serug's son Nahor was born 30 Genesis 11:22
Nahor's son Terah was born 29 Genesis 11:24
Terah's son Abram was born 70 Genesis 11:26
Abram's son Isaac was born 100 Genesis 21:5
Isaac's son Jacob was born 60 Genesis 25:25-26
Jacob survives famine with his sons in Egypt 147 Genesis 47:28
Jacob's son, Joseph, dies in Egypt 54 (see calculations below)
Total duration: 653  

2 + 35 + 30 + 34 + 30 + 32 + 30 + 29 + 70 + 100 + 60 + 147 + 54 = 653 yrs.

Genesis 47:28:
28. Jacob lived in Egypt seventeen years, and the years of his life were a hundred and forty-seven.

The death of Joseph is the last defined space of years that takes some research to determine. So, to determine how much time between the deaths of Jacob & Joseph, here's what we know.

Joseph was 17 when he was sold into slavery to Ishmaelites & taken to Egypt by his jealous brothers (Genesis 37).
1. Jacob lived in the land where his father had stayed, the land of Canaan.
2. This is the account of Jacob. Joseph, a young man of seventeen, was tending the flocks with his brothers, the sons of Bilhah and the sons of Zilpah, his father's wives, and he brought their father a bad report about them.

Genesis 41:46-54 - after 13 yrs., Joseph was placed in charge of most of Egypt.
46. Joseph was thirty years old when he entered the service of Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from Pharaoh's presence and traveled throughout Egypt.
47. During the seven years of abundance the land produced plentifully.
48. Joseph collected all the food produced in those seven years of abundance in Egypt and stored it in the cities. In each city he put the food grown in the fields surrounding it.
49. Joseph stored up huge quantities of grain, like the sand of the sea; it was so much that he stopped keeping records because it was beyond measure.
50. Before the years of famine came, two sons were born to Joseph by Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On.
51. Joseph named his firstborn Manasseh and said, "It is because God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father's household."
52. The second son he named Ephraim and said, "It is because God has made me fruitful in the land of my suffering."
53. The seven years of abundance in Egypt came to an end,
54. and the seven years of famine began, just as Joseph had said. There was famine in all the other lands, but in the whole land of Egypt there was food.

Genesis 45:6 - Joseph was 39 when Jacob (who was 130) reunites with him (30 + 7 good yrs. + 2 yrs. of famine)
6. For two years now there has been famine in the land, and for the next five years there will not be plowing and reaping.

We know that Joseph was 130 yrs. old when he was reunited with Joseph after the 2 years of famine because of Genesis 47:9:
9. And Jacob said to Pharaoh, "The years of my pilgrimage are a hundred and thirty. My years have been few and difficult, and they do not equal the years of the pilgrimage of my fathers."

Per Genesis 47:28, Joseph was 56 when his father Joseph died (39 + 17)
28. Jacob lived in Egypt seventeen years, and the years of his life were a hundred and forty-seven.

In Genesis 50:22-23, we learn Joseph lived to age 110.
22. Joseph stayed in Egypt, along with all his father's family. He lived a hundred and ten years
23. and saw the third generation of Ephraim's children. Also the children of Makir son of Manasseh were placed at birth on Joseph's knees.

So, Joseph lived 54 yrs. (110 - 56) beyond the death of his father Jacob.

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